The frequent sights and sounds of urban-dwelling gulls are masking a critical decline of their numbers, in response to Scottish conservationists, who’ve warned that the results of the worsening climate crisis and overfishing are lowering the birds’ pure meals sources.
Among the commonest species seen in British cities and cities are the herring gull and the lesser black-backed gull, however each are seeing appreciable falls in numbers, with herring gulls now a red-listed species on the birds of conservation concern record, that means that total their populations are in decline.
Lesser black-backed gulls are additionally declining, and the species is now listed as amber on the record of conservation concern for birds which breed in Scotland.
Whereas city gulls’ style for human meals has led them to change into dive-bombing, chip-stealing, rubbish-spreading pests, that is believed to be an adaptation to their nose-diving provides of meals within the wild.
Based on Nature Scot’s report, councils are more and more turning to strategies similar to utilizing hawks to scare off gulls, and introducing fowl spikes and netting to stop birds accessing sure buildings or areas.
The report mentioned: “As their favorite grub of small fish has change into more durable to seek out, they’ll accept no matter we depart out there. So one option to hold them away is to not feed them and to ensure your garbage goes in a safe bin.”
“Gull species are literally struggling of their native habitat, with their numbers tumbling in some areas and for all species in Scotland,” Nature Scot mentioned.
Jacques Villemot, RSPB marine coverage officer, instructed The Impartial that rising water temperatures and storms have made these frequent seabirds’ existence extra perilous, and referred to as on councils and property homeowners to accommodate birds.
“Folks usually affiliate gulls with days on the seaside, however increasingly more they’re being pressured into cities and cities to search for meals,” he mentioned.
“The local weather disaster is among the the explanation why – many fish populations are altering their distribution in response to altering water temperatures, and elevated storms and excessive climate occasions make it extra perilous for birds to hunt.
“Herring gulls, for instance, at the moment are on the crimson record partly due to overfishing and warming seas resulting in a lower of their meals’s high quality and amount, points which have additionally stored the amber-listed lesser black-backed gulls on very shaky grounds. Many birds are then additionally dropping nesting websites on the coasts, stopping them from elevating the following technology in pure websites.
“The UK has globally essential colonies of seabirds on our coasts and we have to see UK governments work with power corporations, our fishing industries, and conservationists to seek out methods to cease their decline.”
He added: “There isn’t one easy resolution, and halting the local weather disaster is a long-term battle – however giving gulls area to breed and feed by defending nesting websites and halting overfishing is an efficient place to start out.
“And in our cities we will be taught to dwell alongside these extraordinary birds, and respect their area by not interfering with their nesting websites or feeding them. By working collectively we will shield wildlife each above and under the waves.”